The project aims to prevent deforestation and protect some of the world’s most biodiverse habitats.

 
The region

Brazil has the largest tropical forest area in the world, making up 61% of its total land area in 20101. This accounts for about one third of the world’s remaining rainforests, including a majority of the Amazon rainforest2. Brazil is a priority for REDD+ projects to address continued pressures from cattle ranching, agriculture and logging, which led to almost one million hectares and 63 million tonnes of carbon being lost each year between 2010 and 20153. The State of Acre has the third smallest economy of Brazil’s 27 states, and roughly 40% of the population lives below the poverty line. Per capita income is the 8th lowest in the country, though GDP has grown substantially in recent years.

Nearly 90% of the land in Acre is forested, but at current trends of deforestation this is estimated to decline to roughly 65% by 2030. Tropical forests are the most carbon-rich and biodiverse habitats on Earth, home to 70% of the Earth’s species of plants and animals. Acre State’s remaining tropical rainforests not only provide climatic benefits such as sequestering carbon dioxide, but also provide a range of critically important ecosystem services.

This collection of three projects are located along the Purus River, Jurua River and Valparaiso River: Acre – 35,000 hectares, Rucas – 42,000 hectares, Jurua – 28,000 hectares. The overarching objective of these projects is to build sustainable economic livelihoods for the local residents while preventing deforestation across 105,000 hectares of rainforest, primarily caused by conversion for cattle pasture and farming. The projects, which are based on privately-owned land, are working with NGOs to engage communities on granting land tenure and developing alternatives to deforestation to deliver emission reductions and preserve crucial ecosystems.

Further details on alignment with the Sustainable Development Goals

 

 

1. World Resources Institute Brasil (2015) Forests, Available from http://wribrasil.org.br/en/our-work/forests, Accessed 7/9/2015

2. Butler (2014) Mongabay – Brazil, Available from http://rainforests.mongabay.com/20brazil.htm, Accessed 7/9/2015

3. FAO (2015) Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015, Available from http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4793e.pdf, Accessed 15/9/2015