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Kamphaeng Saen Landfill Gas to Energy, Thailand

Encouraging improved waste management processes and growth of renewable energy capacity in a rapidly growing country

Image sourced from Shutterstock
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Project overview

  • Region: Asia

  • Project type: Resource recovery

  • Standards: CDM, VCS

Located at the main landfill site which accepts approximately 5,000 tonnes of waste per day from Bangkok, this project captures and utilises landfill gas (LFG) to generate renewable electricity and avoid the release of potent greenhouse gases (GHGs). Though managed landfills are common practice in many developed countries, they are not in Thailand, and there is no formal recycling scheme or plan to prevent the increasing levels of solid waste. This is a first of its kind project in the country, providing an important step toward managing waste, and moving away from a dependence on fossil fuel power generation.

Sustainable Development Goals

In addition to delivering emission reductions to take climate action (SDG 13), the project delivers a number of other benefits including:

  • Affordable and Clean Energy: Landfill gas is extracted, captured and utilized to generate electricity which is then exported to the Thai Grid, currently dominated by fossil fuels. If there is ever a surplus of LFG, it is sent to an enclosed ground flare, minimizing the methane emissions and maximizing carbon abatement.
  • Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure: By introducing new technology to the landfill management sector in Thailand, the project demonstrates how improved gas capture techniques can increase the capture of methane, resulting in more power generation.

Each year the project generates 550,000 tonnes of emissions reductions, and generates approximately 25,000 MWh of renewable electricity.

The gas captured is approximately 50% methane, which has approximately 21 times the global warming potential of CO2.